Passion fluit (two parts : Xingshan, passionflower) is a kind of vine plant for many years and cattle grow up their climb up vines. Is a kind of passionflower (Passiflora), passion fruit and large flowers with NH y and two flowers. Is a body in the hardest of Passiflora. Although it’s has the same name “lime” in Vietnamese, but he has no relation with what kind of lemon citrus (Citrus spp.).
The trees can be smooth or tomentose, long tendrils climb, climb up the three card duck than a girl (long distance), 6 – 15 cm in size. They have 2 lines that are characteristic of the leaf blade. 5 you spend the white light of the purple and purple. The flowers are white, creating a part of the popular coronal structure in the petals and the corona. Because some of the flowers are sterile and the wasps are sterile.
Eat the berries of the elbow shaped umbrella with the color and light valve when the nine size of the golden egg chicken. Green is green. In this kind of passion fruit, sweet yellow mucus particles around, eat the results. However, it has a lot of particles, therefore, the main source of food for wild animal. Like other species of Passiflora all food sources, this is a butterfly larvae number.
In some areas, the whole of the lemon fresh or dry and other herbs have been used as a sedative and treatment of insomnia. Dry blending behavior tree leaves and small are usually used in Europe and the leaf chalai drink. A chewing gum has a calming effect, also from the passion fruit production. In Vietnam, people use lemon climbing a thirst drink in summer.
Passion fruit cluster dense area in the parking lot, abandoned, let the vessels trim, roads and railways. Its development in the area of sunshine.
Technical specification for planting and care, rational fertilization, to achieve the work of the lemon tree high rope.
The land climate:
Lemon tree line generally do not have to, but it is best to select a good drainage of the soil, there is no precipitation of water, mechanical parts, farming depth > 50 cm, humus in 1% and pH value 5,5 – 6. In the flat land, warm, wet lime line, the development is very good.
Lemon line of warm and humid climate, moderate from 1.600mm, are distributed, especially in the flowering period by the storm. The effective temperature from 16 – 30oC, no frost.
Like a purple suitable for sub tropical regions, sea level 1000 – 1200m sea for the quality of the relatively good effect. Instead, like a gold suitable for tropical regions, the height of the 600m.
II. cultivation techniques
Currently used mainly in Lam Dong province (TNG is a purple F1), natural pollination ability, less variation, can be propagated by seeds. In order to increase the ability of anti line by pests, insect growth and development, they are using the purple results transplanted to this is like gold stocks. Is not clean, the growth of seedlings have top (Hill) fat strong, dense roots, there is a source of origin, it is clear that the.
2. Ready for planting:
Lemon tree line, available in all terrain. Suitable for all kinds of loose soil and rich in organic matter, such as: meat red basalt slightly, the ground is too acid or too alkaline, affecting the growth of tri n broadcast tree.
– clean up the weeds, rake the holy flat on the ground.
– a drainage ditch on a topographic gradient should avoid wash erosion.
Peach pit size 60 x 60 x 60cm, the air in the 1 kg / lime pit. After fertilization of Manure Fertilization, 10 + 1 kg / 15kg Unicorn pit. Mixing and dust.
3. Distance of planting density:
According to the conditions and land intensive potential, you can plant density: 400 – 600 trees / ha
Freedom is the need to pay, so can climb the tree. According to the type or types of Taiwan T T shape development of Luffa lemon line than the free surface contact of light scattered, limited to Fusarium wilt. The table and column high 2m – 1,8 bamboo, wood, concrete or steel mesh tension, in the distance of 40 40cm x lattice tree climbing.
5. cultivation techniques
Time is the most suitable for planting in the middle and the end of the rainy season.
Hoai – like manure fertilizer, nitrogen fertilizer, microbiology NPK in the correct dose of Shaolin…… and the surface mixed in the pit.